Drawing A Linguistic Map of Africa Using Paintbrush
Use the map above to draw your own map of African languages. Linguistics is the scientific study of languages. These maps help us to better understand why certain regions experience social unrest due to arbitrary boundaries created by borders, often by people who do not understand the region or care to understand the people in these regions. Read the text below for a better understanding of how human migration plays a part in shaping history.
EARLY HUMAN MIGRATIONS
Humans fossil remains as old as three million years have been found in South Africa indicating that Africa is the place of human origin. Many places in the world have indigenous people, like the Aborigines of Australia, the Native Americans of the Western Hemisphere, the Hmong in Southeast Asia and so on- but all people originally come from Africa. One million years ago was the first human migration out of Africa and there have been other migrations as early as 80,000 years ago. People have left their places of origin in search of other places to live through human history. The first migrations were to places where no humans lived before. In later migrations out of Africa, people encountered other humans species as well as other groups from our own species that had migrated tens of thousands of years before, often displacing the people who were living there.
These migrations occurred within Africa too, where the Niger-Congo B language speakers (Bantu) migrated from the area of Nigeria to South Africa displacing the indigenous Khoi-San speaking people. Within the last two centuries, European colonialist and opportunists came to South Africa causing other displacements of cultures. South Africa, because of its location on the continent has been visited by many people who navigated around this immense landmass in search of riches, spices or other places to live. Geography plays a key role in the history of a place and colonialism has left its marks on many cultures, some that have been nearly decimated.
South Africa today is a new democracy that has withstood the ravages of European colonialist and subsequent apartheid regimes (CHECK OUT THIS AWESOME PPT). Read about South Africa’s history at the Wikipedia link below for a better idea of the social and cultural upheavals that have molded this new nation.
LINKS FOR HISTORY OF SOUTH AFRICAN LANGUAGES & CULTURAL & COUNTERCULTURAL MOVEMENTS